Prosthodontics - Crowns/Veneers/Bridges
Crowns: Refers to the restoration of teeth using materials that are cemented into place. A crown is used to cap or completely cover a tooth.
Inlays and onlays
Veneers: Refers to a paper-thin, custom-made covering that conceals the front and side surface of your tooth. If your teeth are stained, broken, or shaped in a way that is not pleasing to you, then you may want to consider veneers.
You should know the following about veneers:
- Cost: placing veneers is more costly than conventional bonding
- Eventual replacement: the materials used in veneers may not last a lifetime and will most likely need to be replaced within 4-12 years
- Sensitivity: you may experience sensitivity to hot and cold, which usually subsides within two weeks
- Repairs: it is more difficult to repair your tooth if the laminate cracks or chips
- Removed enamel: a slight amount of tooth structure is removed to allow the veneer to be affixed securely to the tooth
Bridges: Refers to a dental restoration used to replace a missing tooth by joining them permanently to adjacent teeth or dental implants. A bridge is made by reducing the teeth on either side of the missing tooth in order to accommodate the material used to restore the size and shape of the original teeth, in a correct alignment and contact with the opposing teeth.
Endodontics - Root Canals
Endodontics – Root Canals
A root canal is usually required where a tooth is considered so threatened (because of decay, cracking, etc.) that future infection is considered likely or inevitable, making a pulpectomy (removal of the pulp tissue) advisable to prevent such infection. Usually, some inflammation and/or infection is already present within or below the tooth. To cure the infection and save the tooth, the dentist drills into the pulp chamber and removes the infected pulp by filing it out of the root canals. Once this is done, the dentist fills the cavity with an inert material and seals up the opening.
Preventative Services and Periodontics - Oral Hygiene
Everyone should take care of their oral health now to prevent gum disease and tooth loss later. It is important to make your personal oral hygiene program- developed together by you and your dental hygienist- a daily habit between office visits to effectively control or reverse gum disease.
Gum disease has been liked to:
- Heart disease and stroke
- Pneumonia and other respiratory diseases
- Premature, low birth weight deliveries
Preventative Oral Hygiene
Whitening: Home and In-Office Treatments
Whitening is a procedure that is designed to lighten the colour of your teeth. When done properly, whitening will not harm your teeth or gums.
Types of Whitening:
- Power Whitening: This process can be done with one visit but may require multiple visits depending on how your teeth respond to the bleach. Each appointment takes about 1-1.5 hours. The advantages include our doing all of the work for you and less time overall whitening. The disadvantages include the normal inconvenience of any dental treatment such as having to keep your mouth open for the duration of the appointment.
- Home Whitening: This process can be done anywhere and involves wearing a custom-made whitening tray, which looks like a thin, transparent nightguard, filled with a mild whitening gel. The advantages include convenience and less cost. The disadvantages include the inconvenience of wearing a whitening tray and the results which will vary depending on your consistent use of the bleach.
Potential problems with whitening:
- Tooth sensitivity
- Gum irritation
- Sore throat
- Leaking fillings or cavities
- Cervical abrasion/erosion
- Root resorption
Proper care of the mouth following most dental procedures can reduce complications and increase the speed of healing in the surgical area. Below are points of care that may be useful following dental procedures:
- DO NOT RINSE or use mouthwash for 24 hours. Do not disturb the area until the next day. The following day rinse with 6oz/ warm water mixed with a ½ tsp salt, 2-3 times a day for 2 to 3 days.
- BITE on thick gauze for a half an hour or more. You will be given extra gauze if needed. Rinse gauze under cold water, squeeze out excess water, roll, and place over surgical site. Pressure is the best way to control bleeding. Keep fingers and tongue away from surgical site.
- DISCOMFORT at least some, is quite normal following procedures. If medication has been prescribed, take as instructed. To minimize swelling, place an ice pack 20 minutes on/20 minutes off for 2 to 3 hours.
- EAT soft, nutritious foods after anaesthesia has worn off. If you find eating too difficult, you may supplement your diet with meal replacements such as Ensure.
- THE TOOTHBRUSH may be carefully used in the areas of the mouth not involved in the surgical procedures. A clean mouth heals faster.
- AVOID all excessive activity, don’t pick at the surgical area, DO NOT SPIT, don’t consume liquids through a straw, refrain from smoking and drinking hot liquids until healing is well established.
- CONTROL OF SWELLING gently apply ice packs to the area for 20 minutes on, 10 minutes off. This should continue for the first 12 hours only.
Dentures and Prosthetics
When properly fitted and cared for, dentures will enhance your appearance and can be worn with confidence as you enjoy your favourite activities. Your dentures and gums should be checked every year to prevent or reduce tissue inflammation and to minimize bone or tissue loss. Having your dentures professionally polished can help make dentures look like new.
- Rinse and brush dentures and natural teeth after every meal. Brush dentures inside and out, using warm water and a mild soap or denture toothpaste.
- Gently brush your gums, tongue and the roof of your mouth with a moistened, soft bristle brush to stimulate circulation, tone gum tissue and rid your mouth of bacteria.
- Floss between natural teeth and stimulate your gums.
- Dentures should be taken out daily and soaked for several hours.
- Soak your dentures overnight inside a covered container filled with a denture-cleaning solution. Do not use cleaners that can scratch, and do not use bleach.
- If you have partial dentures, clean your metal clasps carefully. Ask your pharmacist for a stiff, conical clasp brush.
- Rinse dentures in clean water before replacing them.
Orthodontics involves the supervision, guidance and correction of the growing and mature teeth and facial bones by the application of forces and/or the stimulation and redirection of the jaws.
Instructions for wearing elastics:
- Elastics must be worn faithfully 24 hours a day
- You should carry extras in case they break
- Every morning after breakfast, put in new elastics
- Your elastics may be removed for meals but they must be replaced immediately after.
- Intermittent elastic wearing does little good
Appliances- Sports Guards, Mouth Guards, Splints, TMJ and Snore Appliances
- It has been estimated that millions of teeth are lost annually during athletic activities
- A single lost tooth can cost thousands of dollars over a lifetime
- The types of blows that cause loose teeth may also cause concussions, neck injuries, and jaw fractures
- Tooth and mouth injuries can occur at any age
- There are no safe sports or athletic activities.
- A mouthguard should be worn while participating in sports or any activity during which contact can be made or a fall can occur.
- Sports-Flex mouthguards represent a revolutionary new development in face, neck and head protection- custom made by your dentist to fit your exact needs
- Stops you from clenching your teeth while you sleep
- A tiny clear plastic device fits on top of your two front teeth.
- The NTI-tss device suppresses the clenching by preventing the posterior teeth from contacting each other, thereby eliminating teeth-grinding altogether.
- Morning headache pain, neck pain, sore jaw and other pain related with involuntary intense clenching usually begin to resolve or disappear.
- The clinically proven answer for snoring and mild obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)
- Successfully treats snoring and 80% of mild to moderate OSA patients
- Successfully treats snoring and 61% of severe OSA patients
- Increases airway size of OSA patients
Albert Street Dentistry
130 ALBERT STREET, GROUND FLOOR
OTTAWA, ON, K1P 5G4
TEL: (613) 232-3883
FAX: (613) 231-7782
- Monday – 8am to 5pm
- Tuesday – 8am to 5pm
- Wednesday – 8am to 5pm
- Thursday – 8am to 5pm
- Friday – Closed